Open Access Research

Factors associated with implementation of a multicomponent responsible beverage service program – results from two surveys in 290 Swedish municipalities

Björn Trolldal1*, Ulrika Haggård24 and Karin Guldbrandsson35

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Clinical Neuroscience, STAD, Stockholm County Council/Karolinska Institutet, Box 6031, SE-102 31, Stockholm, Sweden

2 Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

3 Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

4 Centre for Violence Prevention/Swedish National Correction Service, Box 23000, SE-104 35, Stockholm, Sweden

5 Swedish National Institute of Public Health, SE-831 40, Östersund, Sweden

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Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy 2013, 8:11  doi:10.1186/1747-597X-8-11

Published: 4 March 2013



The purpose of this study was to investigate which factors affected the implementation of a multicomponent Responsible Beverage Service (RBS) program in 290 Swedish municipalities and whether the amount of such factors influenced the level of implementation of the program.


This study used variation in the presence of implementation-promoting factors to predict the level of implementation of the RBS program in municipalities throughout Sweden. The presence of such factors and the level of implementation of the program were studied by means of two surveys in all Swedish municipalities (N=290). Logistic regression and Spearman’s correlation analyses were used to analyze the relationship between implementation-promoting factors and the level of implementation of the RBS program.


The response rates of the two surveys were 96% and 98%, respectively. One main finding was that program fidelity was low. Only 13% of the municipalities surveyed had implemented the RBS program as a whole, as stated in the specification of requirements. In municipalities reporting a higher amount of implementation-promoting factors, a significantly higher level of implementation of the program was shown. Evaluation and feedback was the only factor that correlated significantly with the level of implementation of the RBS program as a whole.


Evaluation and feedback constitutes an important implementation-promoting factor also in complex programs like the RBS program. Program fidelity is significant for the outcome of an intervention and must be a major focus of the implementation processes.

Implementation; Responsible beverage service program; Community-based interventions; On-licensed premises; Violence